8 of the top 12 countries by mother's mean age at first birth are Tourist destination. For threats outside the U.S., contact But how is this expected to change in the future? total: 19.5 years. Now in 2019, there are 7.7 billion. The opposite is true for lower income countries with high fertility rates. Although it’s recognized that this demographic transition has had positive impacts for India’s growth, educational and health deficits combined with poor job creation means it hasn’t fully taken advantage of its low dependency ratio.12. All of our charts can be embedded in any site. It is also the only country where the median age is over 50. The most up-to-date CIA news, press releases, information and more. As of 2015-2020, Hong Kong has highest life expectancy at 84.63 years. It's notable how old Europe is in comparison to countries in Africa and in South East Asia - one of the challenges facing the continent in coming years will be an ageing population. total: 34.3 years. Monaco is the oldest country in the world by median age. The age to lose one’s virginity should never be a huge deal for anyone. We will work to protect all information you Harper, S. (2014). 35 of the top 44 countries by mother's mean age at first birth are European. This equilibrium of high fertility and high mortality represents the first stage of the demographic transition; the population pyramid at stage one is characterized by a wide base (lots of children) and a very narrow top (few people living to older age). But the split between young and old populations varies also significantly across the world. The average age in global comparison The average age has risen in almost all countries … permanently to the US (not on vacation or leave), please visit the, To verify an employee's employment, please contact the, Biographic details, such as a photograph of yourself, and a copy of the biographic page Whilst the total age dependency ratio is a useful indicator, understanding the breakdown of this dependency between young and old is key. Since then it has fallen to 50%, and is expected to fall until the mid-2040s. We also see a major ageing transition in Japan over the past half-century. World Population Life Expectancy with historical chart years than men. Studies, however, suggest that despite impressive rates of economic growth, India has failed to take full advantage of this possible demographic dividend. The global child mortality rate was 22.5% according to the UN. You have the permission to use, distribute, and reproduce in any medium, provided the source and authors are credited. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Niger to 40 or more in most European countries, Canada, Japan and South Korea. Lower-income countries tend to have a lower median age. Applied Economics, 48(50), 4823-4845. India – as the second-most populous countries and a country that has seen rapid decline in fertility rates in recent decades – has had a large potential demographic dividend. Follow us on Facebook to get interesting stats: All of the top 2 countries by mother's mean age at first birth are High income OECD. Lower-income countries with high fertility rates typically have a very young population; a large share of the population are children who aren’t (or shouldn’t) be in the productive working population. Add NationMaster content to your website. But as research shows: taking advantage of this opportunity is not a given. A large fraction of economically ‘dependents’ relative to those in the working-age bracket can have negative impacts for labour productivity, capital formation, and savings rates.7. A value of 100% means that the number of dependents was exactly the same as the number of people in the working-age bracket. years. Central African Republic has lowest life expectancy at In the map we see the median age in all countries in the world. It should be upon one’s personal choice when they are ready for it. Population pyramids visualize the demographic structure of a population. Almost 95% of dependents there are young. Japan has aged significantly in recent decades: in 1960 the young outnumbered the old by nearly 5-to-1. 16 of the top 23 countries by mother's mean age at first birth are European Union. Everywhere in the world women live longer than men. Send a message here. For every child younger than 15 there were 1.8 people in working-age (15 to 64) in 1950; today there are 2.5; and by the end of the century there will be 3.4.4. daily. The Office of Public Affairs (OPA) is the single point of contact for all inquiries about the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Verification Office, Because of safety concerns for the prospective applicant, as well as security and communication Going beyond the global perspective, when did this crossover point occur in countries around the world? This has not always been the case as the chart shows. This entry can be cited as: Our World in Data is free and accessible for everyone. If you have information you think might interest CIA due to our foreign intelligence Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Niger to 40 or more in most European countries, Canada, Japan and South Korea. Albania. Median age is the age that divides a population into two numerically equally sized groups - that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. The number of children under 5 years old is projected to peak and plateau for most of the 21st century. U.S. official. From an economic perspective, the changing age structure generates very different opportunities and challenges across the spectrum of countries. 20 of the bottom 22 countries by mother's mean age at first birth are Sub-Saharan African. James, K. S. (2008). while for female these fig range from 54.85 to 87.53 years. The ratio is much higher across many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa: Niger and Mali, for example, have a larger dependent population than they have working-age populations. We do not implement these annoying types of ads! In 1950, more than half of its population (55%) were under the age of 25. official you have information for CIA. 3 of the top 4 countries by mother's mean age at first birth are Cold countries'. These three have life expectancies above 84 years. The bottom layer represents the number of newborns and above it you find the numbers of older cohorts. This equilibrium was a constant for most of our history until very recently. You can view its age dependency ratio in the chart by switching to India with the “change country” button. Residents of Brazil lose their virginity at the youngest average age (17.3 years old), according to a survey of 37 countries around the world. Nigeria currently has a very young population. provide, including your identity, and our interactions with you will be respectful and professional. Difference is maximun in Syria where women avg life is 11.80 38 countries/regions have life expectancy above 80 years, 51 have between 75-80 years, 49 have between 70-75 52.67 years. Using the Tor browser, a virtual private network, and/or a device not registered to you can reduce some risk. The base of the future population structure is narrower. The youngest was Niger at 14.9 years. Help us do this work by making a donation. feature, or our site navigation on the left to locate the information you seek. Represented in this way the population structure of societies with high mortality rates resembled a pyramid – this is how this famous type of visualization got its name. The ‘demographic dividend’ and young India’s economic future. These are the question that this entry focuses on. How does median age vary across the world? What does the age structure of future populations look like? Monaco is the oldest country in the world by median age. In the map above we considered the ‘dependent’ population – both young and old – as a single group. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. Nigeria has a much younger population: in 2015, around 44% of Nigerians were under 15 years old. In 1950 there were 2.5 billion people on the planet. Our response will occur via a secure method. This measures the ratio between ‘dependents’ (the sum of young and old) to the working-age population (aged 15 to 64 years old).
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