The lighter is a metal or plastic cylinder containing a thin flat coil of nichrome metal strip, through which high current (≈10 amperes) passes when the device is activated, usually by pushing it into the socket as though it were a push-button. Plugs often include a pilot light LED indicator to indicate that electrical power is connected. An automobile auxiliary power outlet (also known as car outlet, automotive power socket, automobile outlet, vehicular outlet, and similar; formerly known as a cigarette lighter receptacle, cigar lighter receptacle or cigar lighter socket) in an automobile was initially designed to power an electrically heated cigarette lighter, but became a de facto standard DC connector to supply electrical power for portable accessories used in or near an automobile, directly from the vehicle's electrical system. In most vehicles, at least one car outlet is present. ", "Standard for 12 Volt Cigarette Lighters, Power Outlets, and Accessory Plugs", "Latest Gallup Update Shows Cigarette Smoking Near Historical Lows", "12V Socket or Cigarette Lighter Receptacle? A second problem is that nominally "twelve-volt" power in cars fluctuates widely. Portable cigarette lighter receptacles attached to cables and alligator clips for connection directly to car batteries are available for temporary use. In addition to the issues with partially-compatible physical dimensions, the plugs can vibrate out of the socket under normal driving conditions, owing to poor retention. The igniter was heated in the socket and then manually removed for use after an appropriate time interval. Les traductions vulgaires ou familières sont généralement marquées de rouge ou d’orange. Some vehicles, especially vans, tend to have more power outlets, usually one for the front passengers, one for the rear passengers and one for the luggage trunk. The modern "automatic" removable automotive V-Coil lighter was developed by Casco in 1956, for which it received U.S. Patent 2,959,664 , issued in 1960. Le technicien de service relie au moins un câble de signal à la batterie du véhicule, à l'alternateur ou à une prise d'accessoire (par exemple, A. The service technician couples one or more signal leads to the vehicle's battery, alternator, or accessory receptacle (e.g..  However, the socket has been repurposed and continues to be used to power consumer electronics in vehicles. The actual voltage, matching the car battery's voltage, will be approximately 12.5 volts when dormant (less in cold conditions), approximately 14.5 volts when the engine and the alternator/generator are operating (more when cold), and may briefly drop as low as 5–6 volts during engine start due to the high temporary battery current usage. Lone Star Aviation’s Power Adapter, (cigarette lighter receptacle) is a universal power accessory compatible with a multitude of consumer products. While polarity is not an issue for a cigarette lighter, it is prudent to verify correct matching of polarities when connecting other kinds of accessory. In newer cars, the socket is equipped with a plastic cover without the lighter heating element. In some models, the cigarette lighter outlet is not powered when the ignition key is removed and charging is not possible. UL2089 was developed to cover the requirements for portable adapters rated 24 V DC or less that are intended to be supplied from the battery powered electrical system of a vehicle. Most automobiles connect the negative terminal to the frame of the vehicle (negative ground). Pour garantir la qualité des commentaires, nous vous prions de vous identifier. In 1921, the Morris U.S. Patent 1,376,154 was issued for a so-called "wireless" or "cordless" lighter with a removable element. 99 List List Price $18.99 $ 18. cigarette ash, cigarette burn, cigarette butt, cigarette lighter. Most often used in European automobiles, and sometimes as a second socket in American automobiles expressly for DC power connections. Le technicien de service relie au moins un câble de signal à la batterie du véhicule, à l'alternateur ou à une prise d'accessoire (par exemple. . The load dump transient may also ruin the diodes in the alternator by exceeding their breakdown voltage. $10.99. © 2013-2020 Reverso Technologies Inc. All rights reserved.  The heating element glows orange hot in seconds, causing the bi-metallic strip to bend and release the mechanism, and the handle pops out, eliminating the need for the user to time the heating operation. The advantage of such a design is in safety as the red-hot heating element cannot be accidentally dropped onto an occupant's lap, but it takes away the ability for the lighter to be removed for the receptacle to be used as a power outlet, it also does not allow cigars to be lit as the opening is not large enough. Sold & shipped by Poweradd. The electrical cigar-lighter was invented and patented in the early 1880s by the German inventor Friedrich Wilhelm Schindler [de]. In such case the centre pin of a plug/socket will be +12V DC and the outer casing 0V. Les exemples vous aident à traduire le mot ou l’expression cherchés dans des contextes variés. For the 12 volt systems, the center contact is the positive terminal and the shell is the negative terminal. , Not to be confused with the similarly looking but incompatible, "Cigarette lighters: The new cupholders? Most cars nowadays are designed with a battery-negative earthing system and therefore have +12v positive power distribution.
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