Prominent veins can be observed on the petals. The fruit is typically a schizocarp or capsule. Erect, branched, cylindrical, solid, woody, glabrous. 1934 : Systematic anatomy of the woods of Malvaceae. Cotton is perhaps the most important fibre inspite of many synthetic textile fibres.  Cognates of the word include Ancient Greek μαλάχη (malákhē) or μολόχη (molókhē), Modern Greek μολόχα (molóha), modern Arabic: ملوخية (mulukhiyah) and modern Hebrew: מלוחיה (molokhia).. They often bear supernumerary bracts in the structure of a bicolor unit. Usually young parts of the plants are covered with stellate hairs. Die Nat. Abelmoschus esculentus (Hindi-Bhindi, Eng.-Lady’s finger) fruits are used as a vegetable. Tiliaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Comparison between Malvaceae and Tiliaceae, Comparison between Acanthaceae and Lamiaceae. Solitary in leaf axil, sometimes axillary cymose. Abutilon, Althacea, Malva, Sida, Anoda, Lavatera. 38.3 and 38.4): An ornamental shrub, cultivated in tropics; perennial. 2. The oil cake is also a very nourishing cattle feed. Share Your PDF File Stipules are present. Petals 5, polypetalous, obovate, mucilaginous, yellow, twisted, inferior. In India alone, the Malvaceae family is represented by 22 genera and about 125 species. These hairs are flattened, twisted and from the staple. 1. In Barazil it is used for making coffee sacks. Stem: Erect, branched, herbaceous, solid, hairy, green. Malva itself was ultimately derived from the word for the plant in ancient Mediterranean languages. Range of Floral Structures in Malvaceae: This family does not show wide variation in floral structure. actinomorphic, bisexual, Epi. Some are shrubs such as Hibiscus rosa sinensis, Gossypium species or some are small trees such as Kydia, Thespesia populnea. Habitat: most members are terrestrial mesophytes. A tentative cladogram of the family is shown below. Floral formula of family Malvaceae is:- Flowers of family Malvceae are Ebr. Herbaceous (Malva) or woody (Hibiscus), branched, erect or spreading (Sida, Malva parviflora) pubescent with stellate hairs. Most species are entomophilous (pollinated by insects). Alternate, simple, petiolate, stipulate, ovate, serrate margin, acute apex, glabrous, unicostate reticulate venation. Malachra capitata also produces a strong silky fibre like jute and used as a substitute. Urena lobata – It is a weed in all tropical countries and furnishes a yellowish fibre that lasts longer than jute and is used as a substitute at some places. Petals 5, polypetalous, united below with staminal tube, twisted aestivation, hairy at the base, inferior. Abelmoschus esculentus gives okra fibres. , The circumscription of the Malvaceae is controversial. Bracteate, pedicellate, complete, actinomorphic, hermaphrodite, pentamerous, hypogynous, and showy. The diamond denotes a poorly supported branching (<80%).
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