Other vermin such as cockroaches, mice, scorpions, and fleas added to the discomfort. Earl: Nobody's innocent, friend. to Count Feria, the Spanish ambassador in England (12 February, 1559), Pope Gregory XIII, letter to his ambassador in Spain (1580). One of his well-informed spy reported that only eighteen ships in the entire Spanish fleet were ready for sea. It was vanquished by the elements, against which valour and human daring are impotent, because it is God who rules the seas. (8), The Spanish Armada left Lisbon on 29th May 1588. Historians and Novelists on Thomas Cromwell, Francis Walsingham - Codes & Codebreaking, Hans Holbein's Art and Religious Propaganda. To clap ships together without consideration belongs rather to a madman than to a ship of war; for by such an ignorant bravery was Peter Strozzi lost at the Azores when he fought against the Marquis of Santa Cruz. Stig: How much did you keep? Standing in front of her soldiers Elizabeth told them: "I know I have the body but of a weak and feeble woman, but I have the heart and stomach of a king." Did Anne Boleyn have six fingers on her right hand? (18). Admiral Tuwey: When the hand has gangrene, you chop it off to save the body. (A4) Petruccio Ubaldino came from Italy but was living in London during 1588. , letter to Duke of Medina Sidonia (May 1588). (23), On 2nd August 1588, the English fleet headed home. Was Henry VIII's son, Henry FitzRoy, murdered? Only against the hurricane and the gales did we lose, because the Lord wished it, the naval supremacy of the world. A few weeks later the Queen heard from a sea-captain that he had seen a fleet of twenty-seven galleons in Lisbon Harbour. The men have long been unpaid and need relief." Earl: [holding guns on DEA commander] Your man Bobby Trench stole 43 million of our dollars. Bobby: If Papi knew we were even talkin' about rippin' off Tres Cruces it would be **our** heads in that bag next to the potato salad. Only against the hurricane and the gales did we lose, because the Lord wished it, the naval supremacy of the world. Following the Armada, more emphasis was put on gunnery. It was the posthumous achievement of the genius of the Marquis of Santa Cruz, almost a floating city, with all its services marvellously arrayed. Spanish galleons were mostly built in two distinct regions – the Basque country and southern Andalucia. The Invincible Armada of the Imperial Spanish Fleet was for the first time conquered. (A28) After the defeat of the Spanish Armada. The most senior officers got private cabins, while others of rank gained some privacy by setting up curtains or wooden screens. In the Mediterranean, oared galleys were common as fighting ships, and by the early 16th century these carried cannons at the front. Then again they sailed in imposing majesty and perfect formation to give battle to the British fleet. The Duke offered him battle many times and he never wanted it, but only to fire on us, like a man who had better artillery with longer range. (1), Details of the planned invasion reached England's spymaster, Sir Francis Walsingham, as early as December 1585. In my opinion... many of them will never see Spain again. Galleons carried a fearsome weight of guns and could devastate enemy ships. The Tudor historian, William Camden, described it as being "built high like towers and castles, rallied into the form of a crescent whose horns were at least seven miles distant". FBI Agent: You've heard of the hidden hand of God? It's a free market, Manny. (17). With so many men crammed in together, conditions became smelly and unhygienic. Our swiftness in out sailing them, our nimbleness.... carrying more artillery than the Spanish ships.. discharging our cannons... double for their single-having far better gunners. (5) Drake eventually received permission and arrived in Cadiz and destroyed the ships and stores assembled there. (21), The Spanish fleet, battered and defeated, made its way along the Scottish coast. Since that guilty woman (Elizabeth) ... is the cause of so much injury to the Catholic faith... there is no doubt that whosoever sends her out of the world... not only does not sin but gains merit... And so, if those English gentlemen decide actually to undertake so glorious a work, your Lordship can assure them that they do not commit any sin. Even before the execution of Mary Stuart, King Philip II of Spain began considering the invasion of England.
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