Louis VII (1120 – 18 September 1180), called the Younger or the Young (French: le Jeune), was King of the Franks from 1137 to 1180. 0882. He gifted Louis VII the “golden rose” in exchange for this generosity. 113), better known as Pliny the Younger, was a lawyer, author, and natural philosopher of Ancient Rome. Louis the Younger (835-20 January 882) was the King of Saxony from 876 to 882 and king of Bavaria from 880 to 882, succeeding Ludwig II of East Francia and preceding Charles the Fat. Ottingen, Rotenburg, Niedersachsen, Germany. Yet royal authority was more strongly felt in the parts of France distant from these domains: more direct and more frequent connections were made with distant vassals, a result largely due to an alliance between the clergy with the crown. Henry refrained from attacking the city, as he was the vassal of Louis VII. Bernard of Clairvaux assured its popularity by his preaching at Vezelay on Easter 1146. Historica Wiki is a FANDOM Games Community. Louis sided with Becket as much to damage Henry as out of piety – yet even he grew irritated with the stubbornness of the archbishop, asking when Becket refused Henry's conciliations, "Do you wish to be more than a Saint?". The expedition to the Holy Land came at a great cost to the royal treasury and military. After 879, he fought the Vikings that fled from England to Germany, and in the February 880 Battle of Thimeon his illegitimate son Hugh (his only surviving son) was killed despite winning the battle. Louis II the Younger, king of Lotharigia.jpg 150 × 236; 43 KB. They declared Abbot Suger the regent of France. Following the death of Duke William X of Aquitaine, Louis VI moved quickly to have his son married to Eleanor of Aquitaine, who had inherited William's territory, on 25 July 1137. He was close to his advisor, Abbot Suger. reign=King of Bavaria: 817 843; King of Eastern Francia: 843–876 coronation= othertitles= full name=… … Wikipedia, Louis the Child — Infobox Monarch name =Louis the Child title =King of East Francia caption =Modern illustration of Louis the Child reign =4 February 900 ndash; 20/24 September 911 coronation =Crowned King of East Francia : 4 February 900, Forchheim othertitles =… … Wikipedia, Louis the Stammerer — (November 1, 846 April 10, 879; fr. On 1 August 1137, shortly after the marriage, Louis VI died, and Louis VII became king. The marriage temporarily extended the Capetian lands to the Pyrenees, but was annulled in 1152 after no male heir was produced. 772 – 4 December 811) was the second son of Charlemagne and the first by his second wife, Hildegard of Swabia. He is remembered for his long conflict with Henry II of England. Similarly, the ‘University of Paris’ began as a cathedral school of ‘Notre Dame’ during his reign. Eleanor was extremely flirtatious in nature. However, the crusade was the first time when French and German forces had joined hands for a common cause. Louis XIV and his mother wore a chocolate-inspired fragrance, when he was younger. Louis the Younger considered himself the true heir of Louis the German and as his father died in 876, Louis buried him in the abbey of Lorsch, in his own territories, in order to emphasise his primacy to his brothers. In 1131 Louis was anointed as successor to his father, Louis VI, and in 1137 he became the sole ruler at his father’s death. Back home, Louis forged close ties with the nobles of the East Francia and became increasingly independent from his father. Louis the Younger (830/835 – 20 January 882), sometimes Louis III, was the second eldest of the three sons of Louis II the German and Emma. For some time Charles the Bald, Louis the German’s half brother and king of the West Franks, had been attempting to conquer the Aquitanian kingdom, and in 852 he imprisoned Pippin II of Aquitaine, his nephew. His elder brother,… … Wikipedia, Cato the Younger — A statue of Cato the Younger. https://historica.fandom.com/wiki/Louis_the_Younger?oldid=31525. 21 March 0882. Louis is one of the main characters in Elizabeth Chadwick's novel The Summer Queen. He had annulled his marriage with Eleanor of Aquitaine, after accusing her of questionable conduct. Louis II de Germanie.jpg 970 × 958; 962 KB. In the meantime, Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou, completed his conquest of Normandy in 1144. Jean Anouilh's play ‘Becket’ featured Louis VII as a character. The East Frankish army displayed superiority in both unity and tactics, and the young king had even dressed his soldiers in white garments so that they appeared as an army of dead spirits. His remains now lie at the ‘Basilica of Saint-Denis,’ after being shifted in 1817. Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer.  After receiving provisions from Géza, the armies continued the march to the East. Louis VII thus reaped the reward for services rendered the church during the least successful portions of his reign. Just beyond Laodicea at Honaz, the French army was ambushed by Turks. His son Hugh, however, was killed in this battle. In 1165, Louis' third wife bore him a son and heir, Philip. Learn about one of the world's oldest and most popular religions. Debatable or disputed rulers are in italics. The following month, Henry II accepted the Vexin castles as dowry, at the betrothal ceremony of Henry the Young King and Margaret. He was also portrayed by Charles Kay in the 1978 BBC TV drama series The Devil's Crown. "Germany in the Early Middle Ages, c. 800–1056". "The Dark Ages 476–918". Since he left no heir, all his territories fell to his brother Charles, who thus could reunite the entire East Frankish kingdom. The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. He died in 882 and was succeeded in all his territories, which encompassed most of East Francia, by his younger brother, Charles the Fat, already King of Italy and Emperor. On 18 May 1152, Eleanor married the Count of Anjou, the future King Henry II of England. Need a reference? Louis III, byname Louis the Younger, German Ludwig der Jüngere, (born c. 830—died Jan. 20, 882, Frankfurt), king of part of the East Frankish realm who, by acquiring western Lotharingia (Lorraine) from the West Franks, helped to establish German influence in that area.. A son of Louis II the German, king of the East Franks, Louis the Younger invaded Aquitaine on his father’s orders in 854. Louis also drove the Norse out of the royal palace of Nijmegen, which they had occupied. This treaty determined the border of the two kingdoms that were to remain unchanged until the fourteenth century. In 1154, Henry II ascended to the English throne, as King Henry II of England and the ruler of Anjou and Normandy. Considering the significant disparity of political leverage and financial resources between Louis VII and his Angevin rival Henry II, not to mention Henry's superior military skills, Louis VII should be credited with helping to preserve the Capetian dynasty. Quarrels and discontent at the partitions led to … Spouse/Ex-: Adèle of Champagne (m. 1160), Constance of Castile (m. 1154), Eleanor of Aquitaine (m. 1137 - annulled.1152), children: Agnes of France - Byzantine Empress, Alix of France, Alys of France - Countess of Vexin, Margaret of France - Queen of England and Hungary, Marie of France - Countess of Champagne, Philip II of France, See the events in life of Louis VII Of France in Chronological Order. He was close to his advisor, Abbot Suger. He was interred at the ‘Barbeau Abbey,’ which was founded by him earlier. Pippin escaped from prison, and upon his return the Aquitanians abandoned the cause of Louis the Younger, who was forced to return to Bavaria. The conflict was to be arbitrated in Paris. Louis VII married Eleanor of Aquitaine on July 25, 1137. Louis VII is remembered for his contribution to the ‘Second Crusade,’ which eventually ended in a failed attempt to conquer Damascus.  The viscount was besieged by Louis at Nonette and the county was turned into a prévôt..  By 1157, Henry II of England began to believe that Louis might never produce a male heir, and that the succession of France would consequently be left in question. 0832-0882. *Oman, Charles. Alexander III later took refuge in France. To counterbalance the advantage this would give the king of France, Henry II had the marriage of their children (Henry "the Young King" and Margaret) celebrated at once. He united with King Conrad III of Germany and King Baldwin III of Jerusalem to lay siege to Damascus; this ended in disaster and the project was abandoned. Throughout his reign, though he is always called "King of Saxony" by historians, he never visited Saxony proper, though it formed the bulk of his territory. Louis VII then became involved in a war with Theobald II of Champagne by permitting Raoul I of Vermandois, the seneschal of France, to repudiate his wife, Theobald II's sister, and to marry Petronilla of Aquitaine, sister of the queen of France. He gathered his army at Poitiers and began his march. Louis VII suspected her of being involved with her uncle, Raymond of Poitiers, during the crusade (March 1148). Death • 1 Sources. There was a marked difference between the frosty, reserved culture of the northern court in the Íle de France, where Louis had been raised, and the rich, free-wheeling court life of the Aquitaine with which Eleanor was familiar. Louis received it a year later when Carloman expired. 3 sons of Louis the German.jpg 490 × 493; 201 KB. Louis the Younger (835-20 January 882) was the King of Saxony from 876 to 882 and king of Bavaria from 880 to 882, succeeding Ludwig II of East Francia and preceding Charles the Fat.
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