Ethnic people with their medication system for the hardly economic stable people ( Traditional database enrichment) . of 61 plant species under 58 genera and 41 families have been documented which are used for the treatment of 49 categories diseases. Majority of the tribes continue to live in a poor economic state, lack of proper health care facilities, have very low literacy rate and are The objective of the present survey was to conduct an ethnomedicinal survey among the folk medicinal practitioners of Khulna city, which is in the south-western part of Bangladesh. Respiratory tract disorders like cold, coughs and asthma were treated with 19 plant species, and fever was treated with 10 plant species. The Asteraceae family contributed the largest number of plant species (seven) followed by the Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae and Rutaceae families (six each). The plant has similar use among the local, Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu, India also use the, has been described for different extracts of, the Oraon healers along with other plants to treat, synergistic effect in combination when used for, infections by the Oraon healers. The poorer section of the population resides mostly in the rural areas and the urban slums. The Santals are one of the largest indigenous communities or tribes in Bangladesh. The human diseases that were treated by the practitioners included tuberculosis, pain, malaria, sexual disorders, vomiting tendency, gastrointestinal disorders, cataract, leucorrhea, burns, bleeding from gum, jaundice, respiratory tract disorders, burning sensations in hands or feet or body, helminthiasis, skin diseases, liver and kidney problems, bleeding, fever, leucorrhea, and vaginitis. the Garo tribe living in Mymensingh district, used by folk medicinal practitioners of six, Bandarban district of Bangladesh. It was of interest to find out whether differences exist among the Kavirajes of the same as well as adjoining villages in the type of ailments treated and the species of medicinal plants used for treatment of any specific ailment. United Nations Population Fund- Bangladesh, Eurasian Network for Scientific Information publisher. Therefore, in this paper an attempt has been made to analyze the socio economic conditions of Oraon tribe in Garal Bari gram panchayat of Jalpaiguri district. Disc, 1.Plant survey, enrich the plant information and conservation. 3 0 obj r of them were from the Oraons and one from the Gors. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text ] They almost exclusively administer simple formulations of medicinal plants, which may be used singly or in combination, but which formulations are used for treatment of a diverse, This paper aims to investigate and document traditional medicinal plants used to treat human ailments by An ethnomedicinal survey was carried out in Sancharpar village of Jamalpur district, Bangladesh. For a country such as Bangladesh, and particularly the district studied, medicinal plants are essential assets and have a major role in people’s health care structure. Aim 4 0 obj The healer was observed to use a total of 33 plants distributed into 26 families in his medicinal formulations. The Oraons are divided into groups embracing Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism or Islam because of their economic crises over time. %PDF-1.5 The ailments treated with the plants included loss of energy, respiratory tract disorders, gastrointestinal disorders, oral lesions, helminthiasis, sexual disorders, pain, blood purification, diabetes, snake bite, vomiting, fever, jaundice, wounds, paralysis, dog bite, loss of hair, skin disorders, spleen enlargement, arthritis, bone fracture, chicken pox, nerve stimulant, cancer, and to expedite delivery. In exploring the changing problems of Oraons, this thesis contributes strategically as well as theoretically to the literature on ethnicity. Methods Their medicinal knowledge is usually generational being passed along from one generation to the next, where the practice and knowledge is enriched with every passing generation. Use information was later, back to Dhaka for complete identification at the, the tribal healers of both tribes. The literature on the Oraon community shows that they had a prosperous life in their settlement in parts of India before British colonisation in 1765. Towards that a survey was carried out in Tangail district to learn more about the use of inorganic substances in folk medicinal formulations. All rights reserved. Of the various plants used by the healers in our two surveys, only six plants were found to be in common. The Kavirajes rely almost exclusively on medicinal plants for treatment of various ailments. These results indicate that these substances may contribute, to a certain extent, to the phytotoxic activity of C. aciculatus. It was the objective of the present study to determine whether folk medicinal practitioners also use inorganic substances in their formulations. Advances in Natural and, Sharangi, A.B., 2009. It was further observed that the folk herbalists differed in the type of diseases treated and the medicinal plants and formulations used. Nine plants were used as insecticide, eight for rheumatoid arthritis, and seven for wounds. 8. © 2014, American-Eurasian Network for Scientific Information publisher. Previously, Firmiana genus was ignored, and its phylogenetics was not elucidated at genus level. An ethnomedicinal survey was carried out among a Pahan tribal community of Kukrobon village in Dinajpur district, Bangladesh. The Oraons' demands for socio-economic change and equal participation in mainstream Bangladeshi society and culture, described in this study, are partly framed in terms of indigeneity. It was observed that the practitioners among themselves used a total of 62 plants distributed into 33 families. According to the Indian Anthropological Society, Konkan is said to be the original home of the Kurukh tribes from where they migrated to the Chota Nagpur Plateau. folk medicinal practitioners: a case study in, Plant Usage by Folk Medicinal Practitioners of, extract and its various fractions from the leaves, Ethnomedicinal studies of the woody species of. Pharmaceutical Industry development by domestic pharmaceutical ingredient and the source of employeement. Present study is based on primary data. Culture, economy and identity: a study of the Oraon ethnic community in the Barind region of Bangladesh. During a further survey, another group of the Soren clan was found to inhabit Nobogram village of the same district. These plants were used in 46 different formulations for treatment of a variety of diseases like jaundice, respiratory difficulties, rheumatism, stop bleeding from cuts and wounds, leucorrhea, debility, gastrointestinal disorders, fever, pain, urinary tract disorders, skin disorders, sexual disorders, oral and tongue lesions, infections, edema, menstrual disorders, cardiovascular disorders, helminthiasis, chicken pox, gonorrhea, and progressive loss of eye sight. The Pahans are a small tribal group who can be found residing in small communities in the northwestern districts of Bangladesh. Tribes are treated as distinct entities to sub-caste/sub-tribes of same or a different category. Many of these are based on the use of plant preparations. Culture, Economy and Identity: A Study of the Oraon Ethnic Community in the Barind Region of Bangladesh concerns identity politics among Oraons in Bangladesh. Data Collection and Methodology . Species of this genus are widely used as essential constituents in functional foods and traditional medicinal systems. Bangladesh has a number of traditional medicinal systems like homeopathy, Ayurveda, Unani and the folk medicinal system. Major thrust areas for further scientific research include plants used for treatment of diabetes, cancer, anthrax, and paralysis. Complementary and Alternative Medicines, 9: for treatment of diabetes by the Marakh sect of. The Kavirajes treated a wide variety of ailments. One practitioner was observed to use elements like gold, mercury and sulfur in his formulations. Thus to get a comprehensive view of the medicinal plants used by the Kavirajes and their mode of use, one has to survey the Kaviraj population of Bangladesh. In the present survey, the methodology employed was that of the guided field-walk, where the healers took the interviewers to localities from where they collected their medicinal plants and pointed out the plants besides describing the plant parts used and the ailments that they were used for. The tr, Khaichara, and Deorachara, all villages being at, tea estates. Interviews were carried out with a folk medicinal practitioner of the village with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire and the guided-field walk method. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. They are not given access to basic facilities of clean toilets, electricity and other necessities. In Bangladesh, folk medicinal practitioners are called “Kaviraj” and are consulted for treatment of various ailments by a large part of the rural and urban population. The various diseases or symptoms treated by the healer included various types of pain, kidney stones, dizziness induced by high fever, irregular menstruation, ringworm infection, fever with frequent passing of watery stool, gastric problems, severe fever, abscess, tearing of tendons, snake bite, jaundice, cuts and wounds, oral and anal infections, swelling due to injury, scabies and itches, asthma, and severe headache and dizziness because of adverse effects from other medicines. To document this information in a comprehensive manner, it is therefore necessary to conduct surveys among the thousands of Kavirajes of the country. The diseases treated and claimed to be cured by the practitioners included jaundice, helminthiasis, fever, pain, wounds and sores, respiratory tract disorders, gastrointestinal disorders, eye disorders, leucorrhea, menstrual disorders, chicken pox, high blood pressure, rheumatism, insomnia, bone fracture, scorpion or poisonous insect bite, tumor in stomach, sexual disorders, kidney or gall bladder stone, cholera, burning sensations, infections of genital organs, kala azar, hydrocele, diabetes, obesity, skin diseases, burns, and urinary problems. Plant specimens were collected from the field, dried in situ and identification completed at the Bangladesh National Herbarium. A large proportion of the population uses this form of treatment for primary health care and for the treatment of ailments in their livestock.
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