In other words, words can be interpreted in different ways by different people in different situations. (2) Our student body is dull and slack-minded. An assignment given to a class of business students by their philosophy professor: A hallmark of effective writers is the ability to express the desired message in as few words as possible. Concrete language includes descriptions which create tangible images with details the reader can visualize. How could you change the use of language to make these examples more constructive? Either word might be equally appropriate, depending upon the reader and situation. For example: "Is that Acura an expensive car?" He leaves his dirty dishes on the kitchen counter, Your relationship with John is unacceptable If your work doesn't improve, I'll have to replace you with someone else." In both examples above, the language that is used is unfamiliar to the readers. 4. 6 Reasons Why Knowing English Is Important in Today's World. (1) Why the student body should continue in this state of apathy is not really understandable. (2) Before making a decision about whether the person on trial is guilty or innocent in this case, the members of the jury should be sure to carefully think about, ponder and reflect on all of the important and relevant testimony in the case. Consider the following words. Notice how much more effective the statements become as the language becomes more specific and concrete. This can lead to poor health.". Indifference or apathy about an issue of importance to the reader, Negative evaluation or judgment of the reader (as opposed to neutral descriptions or observations), Skepticism or doubt about the reader's credibility or the legitimacy of their claims. He doesn't clean up his own messes Notice the difference in formality between the two words shown in pairs below. Notice that any of the three examples could be effective, depending upon the reader, the writer's relationship with the reader, and the situation. Constructive language phrases a potentially negative message in a positive way, whereas destructive language directs blame and criticism toward the reader, creating defensiveness. (3) certainly The statements at the top, which are more abstract, can be interpreted in many possible ways, and leave many questions answered. Readers are likely to become defensive when the writer's language expresses any or all of the following: (1) Boss to employee: "Your job performance recently has been unacceptable and there are no excuses for it. Consider the following examples. Again, analyzing one's audience and purpose is the key to writing effectiveness. In order to choose the most effective language, the writer must consider the objective of the document, the context in which it is being written, and who will be reading it. Note the potential confusion or ambiguity in these phrases. He is lazy and discourteous (5) It is difficult to estimate the number of people affected by AIDS. Notice the excessive wordiness in the following phrase: "Before making a decision about whether the person on trial is guilty or innocent in this case ..." This sentence could simply read: "Before determining the defendant's guilt or innocence...". How could one be more precise in his/her use of these terms? This language achieves by encoding and externalising our thoughts… You do not get along well with John If something is "probable what percentage of the time does it occur? To communicate effectively, it is not enough to have well organized ideas expressed in complete and coherent sentences and paragraphs. Depending a bit on how you count, in addition to the approximately 400 million native speakers, English is understood… It's Favored by the Internet and Press. Consider the following examples. What numerical value would you assign to each of them? Very Formal: Exceedingly large segments of the population are expressing their discontent with medical practitioners who appear to more engrossed in amassing financial assets than in providing efficacious care to people with health disorders. As a writer, it is important not only to think about what you say, but how you say it. "Individuals who maintain a diet of high fat content are exposed to an increased risk of developing atherosclerosis, which is a buildup of fat deposits on the inner walls of the arteries. Under what conditions might you want to use these different levels of formality? You have claimed that you are having some serious personal problems, but even if this is true, you cannot allow it to affect the quality of your work. (2) doubtful You and John insult each other too much You should adumbrate the points which represent the sine qua non of your analysis. P>, (1) probable To communicate effectively, precise and clear language is essential. Consider the two sets of statements below. (1) It is widely discussed by employees that many of them will be forced to change jobs and take on new responsibilities when the merger takes place between the two companies. Language which is foreign and unfamiliar to the reader tends to emphasize the differences between writer and reader, and makes the message difficult to understand.
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